Mortise and tenon joints’ square-shaped holes are challenging to cut by hand because they necessitate patience, precision, and skill. If you’re only going to be cutting one or two mortises for your project, a chisel and mallet will do the trick. A mortiser machine is the most efficient way to cut multiple mortises at once. Time and energy are both conserved when using a high-quality mortiser to cut a series of perfectly square holes.Similar to a drill press, however, it uses a hollow chisel and bits to create square holes in the work piece. The square chisel smooths out the hole’s edges while the drill bit goes through the hollow one to help drill into the workpiece and remove debris. As I mentioned before, these are the most widely available models, so I suggest going with one of them if you’re just getting started. If you aren’t doing anything too fancy, a square chisel unit should be able to handle cutting the mortise you need.
JET JBM-5 1HP Benchtop Mortiser
If you’re a woodworker or cabinetmaker, you should know that the JET JBM-5 is a top-tier benchtop square-chisel mortiser.
It has a 12 HP induction motor and can accommodate a chisel bit as large as 1/2 inch, making it suitable for cutting through both hard and softwood with ease. The drill bit can be easily placed where it needs to be cut thanks to the rack and pinion head adjustment mechanism. Because of the length and comfort of the mortising handle, just a little amount of power is required to plunge the bit into the work piece.
Benchtop X/Y Mortiser by RIKON Power Tools, No. 2
Mortises can be cut through even the toughest timbers with ease with the 12 horse power of Rikon’s tabletop mortiser, which spins at a speedy 1750 revolutions per minute.
It allows you to exert complete control over the workpiece as you bore your mortises by virtue of its X-Y directional table with stops.
Powermatic 719T Tilt Table Mortiser
If you need a mortiser that can crank out mortises all day, every day, the Powermatic 719T is a solid option.
If you’re a skilled carpenter, the Powermatic 719T is a cabinet-style stationary workhorse that will make quick work of cutting mortises.
It is built with sturdy cast iron to guarantee it operates smoothly and lasts for many years.
To facilitate cutting at varying angles, the feed lever has 6 readily accessible positions.
Makita 7104L 10.5 Amp chain mortiser
The Makita 7104L is one of the finest chain mortisers you can buy for cutting mortises in thick, heavy timber. It has a 10.5 Amp motor, which allows it to generate 3,200 rpm and readily bore rectangular holes into dense, heavy hardwood. The maximum size of lap joint that may be cut with it is 5-1/8 inches. The included vise may be adjusted to fit logs with a thickness of up to 12-1/8 inches. With its included chains, which can slice through material at a pace of 1000 feet per minute, you can make precise cuts all day long.
Mafell LS 103Ec Chain Mortiser
Since the LS 103Ec chain mortiser from Mafell does not need to be secured to the wood or timber before it can make a cut, the company claims that it is the quickest mortiser on the market. The fact that you don’t have to clamp it to the timber you’re working on is a huge time saver compared to the Makita, which might slow you down and prevent you from getting as much done. The Mafell’s chain moves in a crosscutting motion, so once you place it down and begin sawing, it will not move from where it is resting on the timber.